Info for Clients

Types of Therapy

Evidence-based Therapeutic Approaches

Psychologists are usually trained in multiple therapeutic approaches and many therapists draw on various aspects of these models to create what is called an integrative approach. This means they don’t use a ‘one size fits all’ solution, but instead use their knowledge and training in these modalities to tailor a treatment plan and approach that suits the individual.

There are many therapeutic models that psychologists learn and utilise, but here is a brief summary of some of the main approaches our therapists use.

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT helps us change unhelpful patterns of thinking and behaviour by focusing on the interconnected nature of our thoughts, feelings, and behaviours.

It is a structured and goal-oriented approach that emphasizes the present moment, with the therapist and client working together to identify and challenge unhelpful thoughts and behaviours.

The CBT approach is evidence-based and there is a large body of scientific research supporting its effectiveness for a wide range of mental health conditions, including anxiety, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT)

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) helps us accept our emotions and commit to making necessary changes in our behaviour. Using ACT, your therapist assists you in identifying your values, developing mindfulness skills, and overcoming personal barriers to living a fulfilling life.

ACT is evidence-based and effective for mental health conditions such as anxiety, depression, and chronic pain. ACT can be effective in a relatively short-term, with many people experiencing improvement in their symptoms after one course of treatment.

Psychodynamic Psychotherapy

Psychodynamic therapy explores unconscious behaviours and emotions shaped by past experiences. It aims to help clients gain insight into these patterns and work through conflicts for growth and healing. The therapist interprets unconscious materials to help clients resolve issues.

Overall, psychodynamic therapy is a powerful evidence-based approach for individuals seeking to gain a deeper understanding of their thoughts, emotions, and behaviour. By exploring the unconscious mind, individuals can gain a greater sense of self-awareness and develop more effective coping strategies for dealing with life’s challenges.

Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT)

Mindfulness-based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT) is a type of therapy that combines elements of cognitive therapy with mindfulness meditation techniques. It was developed to help people who suffer from depression, anxiety, and other emotional issues that can be difficult to manage.

The goal of MBCT is to help people develop a greater awareness of their thoughts, feelings, and bodily sensations. By learning to focus on the present moment, individuals can gain a better understanding of their mental and emotional states, and learn to respond in a more effective way.

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)

Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT) is a type of therapy that was developed in the late 1980s by psychologist Marsha Linehan. It was originally designed to treat individuals with borderline personality disorder (BPD), but has since been used to treat a variety of mental health conditions.

DBT is based on the idea that individuals who struggle with emotional regulation have difficulty balancing their thoughts, feelings, and behaviours. DBT is a comprehensive treatment that includes individual therapy, group therapy, skills training, and coaching. The goal of DBT is to help individuals learn to regulate their emotions, improve their interpersonal relationships, and develop skills to manage distressing situations.

Schema Therapy

Schema Therapy is an integrative approach that combines cognitive-behavioral therapy, psychodynamic therapy, and attachment theory to treat complex psychological problems.

It identifies and helps change deep-seated patterns of thinking, feeling, and behaving developed in response to unmet emotional needs.

Schema Therapy involves identifying triggers and coping mechanisms and may include experiential exercises, imagery, and cognitive restructuring. The goal is to develop adaptive coping strategies, improve relationships, and lead fulfilling lives.

Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR)

Eye Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a therapy that has gained widespread recognition over the past few decades for its ability to help individuals heal from traumatic experiences.  EMDR is a therapy that uses specific eye movements and other forms of bilateral stimulation to help individuals process traumatic memories. EMDR aims to help the brain reprocess the traumatic memory, allowing the individual to move forward and heal. If you or someone you know is struggling with the effects of trauma, it may be worth exploring EMDR as a potential treatment option.

Exposure and Response Prevention

Exposure and Response Prevention (ERP) is a common form of psychotherapy used in the treatment of anxiety disorders, particularly Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD). The goal of ERP is to help individuals confront their fears and anxieties in a safe and controlled environment, while simultaneously reducing their compulsive behaviors.

Exposure and Response Prevention is a powerful tool in the treatment of anxiety disorders. By gradually exposing individuals to their fears and reducing compulsive behaviours, ERP can help individuals regain control of their lives and reduce the impact of anxiety on their daily functioning.



The path forward starts here...

It can take courage to seek support when you are in need. Our experienced team of psychologists in Melbourne are ready to provide the safe space that clients need to explore their challenges and work towards lasting and meaningful change in their lives.

We aim to gather information about your goals, your history and your current challenges so we can feel confident that we’ll match you with the right Melbourne Psychologist. This matching process is what sets us apart as we strive to support our clients and our psychologists to develop meaningful and successful relationships.

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