Types of Therapy
Generally speaking, we use treatment modalities that are backed up by scientific research (i.e., evidence-based treatments). This is because such treatments have been demonstrated to be effective in the long-term while ruling out placebo effects (as well as other things). Cognitive Behavioural Therapy is the psychological treatment that has the best evidence to date, for a wide range of disorders (e.g., clinical depression, anxiety disorders, substance use disorder, PTSD, and psychotic disorders). In addition to CBT, Interpersonal Therapy (IPT) is an evidence-based treatment for depression and Bipolar. An evidence-based treatment called Dialectical Behavioural Therapy (DBT) is used for treating Borderline Personality Disorder.
During therapy, we also like to use other treatment modalities, such as Schema Therapy (identifying you “life traps” which often develop during childhood), Emotion Focused Therapy (EFT, to help you process previously unresolved emotions), and Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT, which works on your unique Values, and overcoming barriers in your life).
Although some treatment modalities (e.g., CBT and DBT) are structured and sometimes ‘manualised’ therapies, I don’t use a “one-size fits all” approach to psychological treatment. Melbourne clients are treated as the individuals they are with each requiring a different approach. Generally speaking, there is scope for us to use our therapeutic skills and creativity in adapting aspects of treatment to best suit a client’s personality and situation.
It’s important to keep in mind that the therapeutic alliance (i.e., the client-therapist relationship) is the most important thing, not the type of therapy modality used, which is backed up by research. It is also important for the therapist to be flexible with different therapy modalities, rather than to be rigid in one type.